Hill Pigeon

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Columba rupestris
Nepali Name: लेकाली मलेवा

Hill Pigeon
Lobuche. Solukhumbu, Everest Base Camp Trek, Nepal. 4,940 meters. 31 March, 2019. Photo: Sadeep Dangol

Red Collared Dove

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Streptopelia tranquebarica
Nepali Name: सानोतामे  ढुकुर (Sano Taame Dhukur)

Red Turtle Dove at Chobhar Kathmandu
Chobhar Bagmati, Lalitpur, Nepal. 1,270m. 25 February 2017. Photo: Ashish Shrestha.

Rock Pigeon

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Columba livia
Nepali Name: मलेवा (Malewa)

Snow Pigeon

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Columba leuconota
Nepali Name: हिमाली मलेवा Himali Malewa

Oriental Turtle Dove

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Streptopelia orientlais
Nepali Name: तामे ढुकुर Taame Dhukur

1. Common bird subject to altitudinal migration. Found as much around cultivation as in forests during winter.
2. Drinks frequently.
3. Breeds around June and the male has an interesting breeding display in which it flies into the air and comes down with outspread wings and tails.
4. As to why this bird is called “turtle dove”, well obviously I don’t think it has anything to do with turtles whatsoever. I guess that it must be an onomatopoetic rendition of its call. I can actually hear it go “turr turr turrtle….turr turr turtle….. Hear for yourself:
Here is a link to the call of its European counterpart, which seems to struggle to say the word turtle.

Spotted Dove

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Spilopelia chinensis
Nepali name: कुर्ले ढुकुर (Kurle Dhukur)