Nepali Name: मुँदाले तोरीगाँडा (Mudale Toriganda)
Nepali Name: कटुसटाउके तोरीगाँडा Katustauke Toriganda
Nepali Name: कानटाटे तोरीगाँडा Kantate Torigaanda
1. Kali Gandaki Valley is the western boundary for this species.
2. Sings from a prominent position during mornings. Found in pairs during the breeding season.
Trochalopteron variegatum/Garrulax variegatus
Nepali Name: टिकीयुरी तोरीगाँडा Tikiyuri Toriganda
Nepali Name: छिर्के तोरीगाँडा Chirke Torigaada
1. Doesn’t congregate in large parties.
2. Whistler mentions that the nests of this bird is frequently parasitized by Indian and Pied Crested Cuckoo.
Nepali Name: सोइरने तोरीगाँडा Soirane Torigada
1. Lives in gangs that do not break up even during the breeding season.
2. One of the most common laughingthrush in the Kathmandu Valley along with the White-crested Laughingthrush and Striated Laughingthrush. The three species overlap in so many places that I wonder if there isn’t some differences in their preferred habitat?
3. Just like the other Laughingthrushes are the gangsters of Himalaya forests.